Instrat Policy PAper 06/2021

A comprehensive study on the potential of different renewable technologies in Poland, using complex spatial analysis and power sector modelling. The results include an assessment of SRMC, CO2 emissions, generation structure, installed capacity potentials across RES types.

Media coverage: Rzeczpospolita, RzeczpospolitaRzeczpospolitaParkietParkietDziennik Gazeta Prawna,,, Polityka Insight, Business Insider,, Biznes i Świat, Komputer Świat,,, INN Poland,, Politico – Newsletter, Radio Maryja,,,,,, msn.commsn.comonOZE.plSpider’s WebTrybuna Górnicza

Instrat Policy Paper 01/2021

Coal phase-out scenario for Poland, matching the EU GHG-55% climate targets and taking into account economic, technical, social issues, while adressing concerns about energy security. The result of a detailed energy modelling analysis using Instrat’s PyPSA-PL model.

Media coverage: NY Times, RzeczpospolitaRzeczpospolitaRzeczOBiznesie,,,, energia.rp.plenergia.rp.plRzeczpospolita,,, Wyborcza, WyborczaDziennik Gazeta PrawnaParkietSenate Special Commision on Climate, Parliament Subcommission on Just Transition, EuractivEuractivS&P GlobalClimate Home News,  Dutch Financial,,,   OKO.pressOKO.pressEnergetyka24Powering Past Coal AllianceParkietMontelSpider’s WebSpider’s WebSpider’s Web, Polityka Insight, 300 Gospodarka300 GospodarkaBiznes AlertSmoglabTeraz ŚrodowiskoWnp.plOWę

Instrat Policy Note 01/2021

An update to the Polish “anti-wind” law is being discussed. Onshore wind is critical for Poland – without it, Poland cannot reach GHG-55% goals and will continue to have issues with energy security, including increasing energy prices and imports. The paper evaluates the onshore wind potential depending on legislative changes.

Media coverage: RzeczpospolitaRzeczpospolitaenergia.rp.plDziennik Gazeta PrawnaBusiness InsiderINN Poland, Polityka Insight,

Instrat Working Paper 02/2021

A deep dive into power sector and labour market modelling for Eastern Greater Poland. The report compares two scenarios for the region, their impact on electricity generation mix, prices, CO2 emissions and the labour market.

Instrat Policy Paper 03/2021

An assessment of the Polish climate policy in several areas – power, heating, industry, transport. The report outlines the historical and current policies, evaluating their inefficiencies and outcomes – increased CO2 emissions, that could be avoided if the government’s plans were implemented correctly.

Media coverage: TVN24, Polsat News, Rzeczpospolita, Euractiv,,, Spider’s Web, Energetyka24,, Zielone Wiadomości, Polityka Insight, 300 GospodarkaWyborczaMoney.plGazeta.plNgo.pl300

Green jobs in coal regions.
Case study: Bełchatów

Instrat Policy Paper 04/2020

The report analyses the potential for creating new jobs in the Bełchatów region, based on the acquisition of EU funds for the just transition. According to Instrat, green jobs can more than replace the current employment in mining and lignite combustion at the Bełchatów lignite complex.

Media coverage: Wyborcza, Wyborcza, Wyborcza, Wyborcza, Wyborcza, Rzeczpospolita – EnergiaNews, Krytyka Polityczna, Emerging Europe, CIRE, 300 Gospodarka, Biznes Alert,,,, Emerging Europe, LaptrinhX300

Green Fiscal Stimulus: Poland

Instrat Policy Note 03/2020

Green investments should be used as a recovery mechanism after the COVID-19 crisis due to, among others, their high job creation potential. We propose indicators to evaluate green investments and rank the most effective among them. We also describe methods of financing a green stimulus package in Poland.

Media coverage: Tok FMZielony PodcastNBP – obserwatorfinansowy.pl300 GospodarkaŚwiat OZEBiznes Alert

2030: Analysis of the border coal phase-out year in the energy sector in Europe and Poland

Instrat Policy Paper 01/2020

Scientists indicate that Poland should move away from burning coal in the energy sector no later than by 2030. To meet the 2030 deadline, the decarbonization pace in the Polish energy industry – heavily reliant on coal – should be faster than in other European countries.

Media coverage and citations: – Biznes,, Rzeczpospolita TV – RzeczOBiznesie, Tok FM, 300 Gospodarka, Teraz Środowisko, Biznes Alert, CIRE.PL, 300 GospodarkaMinistry of Climate Expert Group,

Instrat & ClientEarth

The Polish government is planning to reshuffle the electricity sector, merging companies and spinning-off coal assets. The report evaluates the project, assessing the economic, environmental and legal risks, opening a debate that until now was being held by closed doors.

Media coverage: Reuters, Polityka, Tok FM,, Dziennik Gazeta Prawna,,, Rzeczpospolita,, WyborczaWyborczaWyborcza – Łódź, Montel, Montel, Politico – Newsletter, Economic Times,, Forsal,,,, Euractiv, Euractiv, Euractiv, Spider’s Web, Spider’s Web, Spider’s Web, Spider’s Web, Spider’s Web, INN Poland, INN Poland, INN Poland, Polityka Insight, Biznes Alert, Biznes Alert, Biznes Alert,, 300 Gospodarka, 300 Gospodarka, energetyka24,,,,,, Smoglab, Smoglab, Smoglab, Bankier, Forsal, Teraz Środowisko, Teraz Środowisko, Gramwzielone, Portal Komunalny,,, Notes from

Instrat for WWF

A comprehensive analysis of the coal phaseout scenarios in lignite mining region Eastern Greater Poland, taking into account the electricity mix, labor market, CO2 emissions, GDP.

Future energy mix in Poland: determinants, tools and forecasts

Polish Economic Institute Working Paper 06/2019

The Polish energy mix has been historically based on coal. In recent years, the rising costs of raw materials, increasing dependence on import and very high CO2 emission prices are putting pressure on the energy sector. It is high time to assess possible solutions of replacing coal with cleaner, cheaper and more secure options.

Media coverage and citations:, Rzeczpospolita – EnergiaNews, Rzeczpospolita, Teraz Środowisko,, Resources PolicyFriedrich Ebert Stiftung, Polish Economic Instute

Institutional components of the economic security of energy prosumers

Book chapter - CEDEWU

The chapter presents an analysis of institutional factors shaping the economic security of electrical energy prosumers. Institutional factors are defined as legal, regulatory and social characteristics of a given location. These factors are analyzed in the context of enterprises generating electricity from renewable energy sources.

Econometric analysis of power plant economic security

Book chapter - CEDEWU

The chapter presents an econometric analysis of the economic safety of power generation companies using a VECM model and cointegration analysis. The factors defining economic safety (described in earlier chapters in the book) are used as explanatory variables and the stock market prices of a Polish energy supplier are used as the dependent variable. The model analyzes which factors have the highest impact in determining economic safety on the Polish energy market.